Biologically Relevant Dynamical Behaviors Realized in an Ultra-Compact Neuron Model

Citation:

P. Stoliar, Schneegans, O., and Rozenberg, M. J., “Biologically Relevant Dynamical Behaviors Realized in an Ultra-Compact Neuron Model”, Frontiers in Neuroscience, vol. 14, p. 421, 2020.

Abstract:

We demonstrate a variety of biologically relevant dynamical behaviors building on a recently introduced ultra-compact neuron (UCN) model. We provide the detailed circuits which all share a common basic block that realizes the leaky-integrate-and-fire (LIF) spiking behavior. All circuits have a small number of active components and the basic block has only three, two transistors and a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR). We also demonstrate that numerical simulations can faithfully represent the variety of spiking behavior and can be used for further exploration of dynamical behaviors. Taking Izhikevich’s set of biologically relevant behaviors as a reference, our work demonstrates that a circuit of a LIF neuron model can be used as a basis to implement a large variety of relevant spiking patterns. These behaviors may be useful to construct neural networks that can capture complex brain dynamics or may also be useful for artificial intelligence applications. Our UCN model can therefore be considered the electronic circuit counterpart of Izhikevich’s (2003) mathematical neuron model, sharing its two seemingly contradicting features, extreme simplicity and rich dynamical behavior.

Website

DOI:

10.3389/fnins.2020.00421