Incompatible Coulomb hamiltonian extensions

Citation:

G. Abramovici, “Incompatible Coulomb hamiltonian extensions”, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 7280, 2020.

Abstract:

We revisit the resolution of the one-dimensional Schrödinger hamiltonian with a Coulomb λ/|x| potential. We examine among its self-adjoint extensions those which are compatible with physical conservation laws. In the one-dimensional semi-infinite case, we show that they are classified on a U(1) circle in the attractive case and on $${\boldsymbol{(}}{\mathbb{R}},{\boldsymbol{+}}{\boldsymbol{\infty }}{\boldsymbol{)}}$$(R,+∞) in the repulsive one. In the one-dimensional infinite case, we find a specific and original classification by studying the continuity of eigenfunctions. In all cases, different extensions are incompatible one with the other. For an actual experiment with an attractive potential, the bound spectrum can be used to discriminate which extension is the correct one.

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