Topology from triviality

Citation:

V. Kaladzhyan, Bena, C., and Simon, P., “Topology from triviality”, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, vol. 97, p. 104512, 2018.

Abstract:

We show that bringing into proximity two topologically trivial systems can give rise to a topological phase. More specifically, we study a 1D metallic nanowire proximitized by a 2D superconducting substrate with a mixed s-wave and p-wave pairing, and we demonstrate both analytically and numerically that the phase diagram of such a setup can be richer than reported before. Thus apart from the two ``expected{''} well-known phases (i.e., where the substrate and the wire are both simultaneously trivial or topological), we show that there exist two peculiar phases in which the nanowire can be in a topological regime while the substrate is trivial and vice versa.

DOI:

10.1103/PhysRevB.97.104512